Blog Archives

The Oil City: “A Persian Story”

Abbreviations inside brackets indicate sources which can be seen in the web/bibliography. Abadan [refinery] employed 30,000 workers. Most were hired locally, although there were still 3,000 imported Palestinians and Indian laborers working there [in 1941]. Only 16 Iranians with British

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Posted in Ouster Remixed (in-progress)

Embodiment and History

Today is a landmark. All the different processes are caught up and are in synch now. This morning’s writing, page 26 (28-31 of the original) is the first page that was “revealed” (paint applied) immediately after the writing (debossing) was

Posted in Artist's Notes

Dealing in Oil – 1933-1949

Abbreviations inside brackets indicate sources which can be seen in the web/bibliography. Concerned about the rising nationalism in such countries as Turkey, Mexico and India, [the British government] did not want Iran to flare up and irreparably compromise the critical

Posted in Ouster Remixed (in-progress)

Strike Gold, Strike Oil – Origin of Oil Concessions [= Origin of BP] in Iran

Sources are cited in abbreviations inside brackets at the end of each paragraph. See web/bibliography. [O]il was primarily a lighting and heating fluid until Henry Ford produced his first assembly-line Model Ts and the horseless carriage went mass-market. Oil was

Posted in Ouster Remixed (in-progress)

Madeline Albright’s So-Called Apology in 2000

In March 2000, in a speech at the American Iranian Council — a conservative think-tank with a board of directors composed of a variety of high-ranking corporate officers, diplomats and academics — then Secretary of State Madeline Albright for the

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Posted in Archival Material, Knowledge Base

CIA Art Group in Service of the Coup

“Psychological warfare” was one of most important dimensions of the coup operation and part of the plan from its first conceptions. In the weeks leading to the coup, this aspect of the operation became very important. Propaganda cartoons and articles

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Posted in Archival Material, Knowledge Base

The US Military in Iran: Before, During, After the Coup

This archival film made by the US Army in late 1950s or early 1960s promotes the role of MAAG personnel in Iran. The Big Picture: Assignment Iran The US Military had been active in Iran and involved in various bilateral

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Posted in Archival Material, Knowledge Base, Video

The Origin of Student Day, 16 Azar, in Iran

16 Azar, 7 December, became the official Student Day in Iran after the 1979 Revolution. But even before 1979, students across the country marked the day in defiance against the Pahlavi regime because on that day in 1953 three students

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Posted in Archival Material, Knowledge Base

Living and Working in the Oil City – 2

Abadan, the “modern oil city”, in southern Iran, was a segregated city in the 1940s and 1950s, and the subject of the promotional film “Persian Story” commissioned by Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. Living conditions for most of AIOC’s non-British oil workers

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Posted in Archival Material, Knowledge Base, Video

The United States Is “Forced” to Take Interest in Iran

For years the United States official myth was that the US was an “honest mediator” in the Iran-UK dispute over the Iranian oil industry; that the US had only humanitarian and idealistic interests in its involvements in Iran. However, from

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Posted in Knowledge Base

“Could You Give Us an Idea, Dr. Hayden, of How Backward Iran Is?”

– Just how important is Iran? – There is a great reserve of oil in that area and we’re interested in oil reserves. And if Iran should go through a revolution or a foreign country should take over Iran it’s

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Posted in Archival Material, Video

CIA, the Father of SAVAK

The infamous SAVAK, the Iranian secret intelligence organization operating 1957-1980 and known for widespread spying on Iranians, arrests, disappearances, horrific torture chambers and prisons, was a direct product of the coup. Quotes below from Gasiorowsky, M, “Central Intelligence Agency in

Posted in Knowledge Base

“Tragically Unnecessary Accident of Oil Nationalization”

Max Thornburg, a Standard Oil executive, acted as a consultant to the Iranian government in 1951, reviewing the “Supplementary Agreement” recently proposed by Britain. Here in this interview on Longines Chronoscope, he opins that the oil nationalization was a “tragically

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Posted in Archival Material, Knowledge Base, Video

First Call for Oil Nationalization, 1946

From Abrahamian, E., A History of Modern Iran (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010). Tudeh raised for the first time the demand for nationalization of the British-owned oil industry. On May Day in 1946, the British consul in Khorramshahr noted in

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Posted in Archival Material, Knowledge Base

Living and Wroking in Anglo-Iranian Oil Company’s Town

Conditions of life and work for the AIOC’s Iranian oil workers in Abadan during 1930s and 1940s, prior to the nationalization. Source: Farmanfarmaian, M. and R. Farmanfarmaian. Blood and Oil: Memoirs of a Persian Prince. NY: Random House, 1997. Pp.184-5.

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Posted in Knowledge Base

National Uprising of 30th Tir, 1952

The image posted in this post was taken on 30th Tir, an uprising in support of Mossadeq’s bid to remove from the control of the Shah the appointment of the War Minister and thus the control of the military. [Mossadeq]

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Posted in Knowledge Base

The Role of Fascists and Nazis in the Coup

Some bits from various sources on the recruitment of local Nazis by the CIA in the coup operation. Amongst the local Nazi supporters was Fazlolah Zahedi, the Iranian leader of the coup who became premier upon its success. Iranian fascists

Posted in Knowledge Base

The Coup: A Visual Narration

I don’t know who has made this video.  It looks like a home production, given the sound track.  It has good historical information, with some minor misses, and gives a sketch of the coup particularly in the context of oil

Posted in Archival Material, Knowledge Base, Video

تظاهرات سی تیر

More about 30th Tir here. Note and picture contributed by Parvin: تجارتخانه و حجره کوچک پدر و عمویم در بازار. پنجره عقبی این حجره رو به حیاط بزرگ مسجد شاه باز میشد، قبل از دو رقمی‌ شدن سنم، هر از

Posted in Archival Material

What Is It and Who Are They

Darker text if from Wilber narrative. Lighter is from Abrahamian, “The 1953 Coup in Iran,” Science & Society, Vol. 65, No. 2 (Summer, 2001), pp. 182-215 This paper, entitled Overthrow of Premier Mossadeq of Iran, was written in March 1954

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Posted in Knowledge Base